Artificial Insemination with Canine Semen
Types of semen
This type of semen has the longest viability and it will have the highest success rate. Right before the insemination, the semen will be collected from the stud and used immediately.
Fresh chilled semen is collected from the stud and then a chemical extender is added to it to protect it while it is chilled and then transported to wherever the breeding will occur. This form of semen can stay viable for up to 4 days.
Frozen semen is collected from the stud and then stored inside of liquid nitrogen at a temperature of -196 degrees Celsius. The freezing process reduces the viability of the semen, decreasing its effectiveness. Frozen semen should be used 12 to 24 hours after collection.
Artificial Insemination using fresh and fresh chilled semen is done vaginally. Here at Damn Danley Kennels, we use Balloon-Style IU catheters. The catheter is inserted to the the very back of the vaginal canal. Once inserted correctly, a bulb at the end of the catheter is inflated. This action is mimicing the "natural tie" of dogs which is when the stud's Bulbous Gland swells and the dogs are temporarily "tied together" until the gland goes back down.
The purpose of the balloon-style catheter is to prevent any semen from exiting the vagina. The more semen trapped inside, the better likelihood of as many eggs being fertilized as possible.
After 15 to 20 minutes, The catheter is removed and the insemination is complete.